The Bible Teaching Series
By Dr. Flint Chika, Bishop

To understand the role of the Holy Spirit in the body of Jesus Christ, or in the life of the Christian man or woman, we
must look back to the scriptures to see why the Holy Spirit also known as the Comforter the Spirit of truth was sent to
the church in the first place, and by whom. Again, if we consider the fact that the Comforter the Spirit of truth is no
respecter of persons, who speaks and reports what He hears to and from the Father, John 16:13., then we will have
no difficulty understanding why most conventional churches have intentionally limited the involvement of the Holy
Spirit in their services. (2 Chron. 19:7; 1 Pet. 1:17).  Just like the elders of Israel who for their idol worship in the
dark, thought that God could not see them, so are these conventional church leaders, who think that by restricting
the role and the involvement of the Holy Spirit in their services, that God cannot see what  they do (Ezek. 8: 3-18).

John 14: 16-17; 15:26
In the following passages, the Lord introduces the comforter, the spirit of truth that may abide with us for ever. John
14: 16-17, 26; 15:26. Notice the use of the word “may,” signifying that you are in no way going to become a prisoner
of this Spirit against your will.  It is also true that the Holy Spirit will not involve himself in your life against your will;
He must be invited in. In other words, individuals may choose not to involve the Holy Spirit in their thoughts or in their
lives. After all, those who are whole need no physician, but they that are sick. (Mat. 9:12.). Just so, the Holy Spirit
does not control believers in the sense of permeating our will, reason, and emotions, until we have recognize Him as
the One Who has been sent by the Father to sanctify our lives and trust Him to perform His Ministry in and through
us. As Believers, we receive the Holy Spirit after we have proven to Jesus Christ that we love Him by keeping His
commandments (John 14:15-17). One must first convince The Lord Jesus that he or she loves Him, then will He ask
The Father to give you the Holy Spirit. Again, by the prayers we offer to the Lord, we have continually asked for his
involvement in our lives.  At the same time, we must bear in mind that the Holy Spirit is the power of God in action,
directed by the Son, and you must have all three: the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit or you have nothing. (John 14:
21, 23; 1 John. 5:7-8).

The truth to the matter is that when God created man, he made him a free agent, free to chose whom to serve, and
when the first man Adam failed, the second Adam volunteered to come and did set the fallen man free from his
enclave, so he may be free again to chose whom to serve, and  free to chose his destiny (Heb.10: 7-10).  

Is Salvation Personal?  Phil. 2:12.

Yes! Salvation is personal and it is obtained only by Faith through Jesus Christ and by true repentance from all sin
from start to finish. Salvation is not obtained by believing in a church as falsely taught by the Catholic Institution. But
God waits for the unsaved man to avail himself or herself of the Salvation he or she needs by means of Faith in
Jesus Christ alone. One of the reasons the Holy Spirit has so little control over many Christians is because they
think He works automatically in their heart. But the truth is that the Holy Spirit indwelling a Believer is waiting to be
recognized by the believer as the One to come to that Believer’s aid.

John 7:37-39
Here The Lord lays down two simple requirements for the fullness of the Spirit: first, a thirst for His control and a
trust in the Lord Jesus for the Spirit’s control. “if any man thirst” refers to a desire on the part of the Believer that the
Holy Spirit be the One to control his every thought, word, and deed. A desire for His control will include, among other
things, a desire that He call us to judge sin in our lives and keep it out, a desire that He separate us from all the ties
we might have with the system of evil called the world, a desire that He dethrone our self-life and enthrone the Lord
Jesus as absolute Lord and Master, a desire that He produce in us His own fruit, a desire that He make us Christ-
like, a desire that He leads us and teach us. Of course, such a desire: The Spirit controlled life is a crucified life. For
the Holy Spirit to be alive in us, self must be dead in us (1 Cor. 15:36; Gal. 6:7-8).

The second requirement is trust. Our Lord said, “He that believeth on Me, out from his inmost being shall flow rivers
of Living Water.” The trust here in this context is not only trust in Him as Savior, but trust in Him as the One Who fills
with the Spirit. The point is that He comes to our aid when we avail ourselves of His help. Therefore, there are just
two things which the Believer must do in order to be controlled by the Spirit, desire that control and trust the Lord
Jesus for that control. Thus the greatest need of the Church is the Holy Spirit, and that refers to His working in the
hearts and lives of Believers in Jesus Christ.

The Lord in his description of the foremost responsibilities of the Holy Spirit, made it clear that  the Comforter is sent
not only to reprove (“convict”) the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment, but that the Holy Spirit’s
primary responsibility will be to guide the body of Jesus Christ and the Christian into all truth. The Holy Spirit is the
Spirit of Truth, and He will not lead people into error, nor will He ignore error.

The Comforter is to be with us and in us, and he will not speak of himself, but of Jesus Christ.  He will testify of
Jesus, and will show us things to come, and will remind us all that He the Lord has said. He shall glorify Jesus
Christ, and will receive from Jesus Christ and show it to us. (John 14:16-15, 26; 15: 26).

The Importance of His Expedient Departure.   John 16: 7-15.

“It is expedient that I go away for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you, but If I depart, I will send him
unto you.” In this passage his disciples sorrow is offered the comfort that the departure will be for their advantage, as
it is the condition of the fulfillment of the promise of the Spirit. In (v.12) it appears that the point here is that the
disciples could not experience the invisible presence till the visible had been withdrawn; and the work of Jesus
Christ in death and rising again had to be accomplished before the new life in the Holy Spirit could become the
possession of the believers. Furthermore, this refers to the Lord’s ascension which was necessary in order for him to
make possible the coming of the Holy Spirit (v7). Fulfill his own prophetic word (Jn. 14:38; 16:5; 20:17); make
possible the further work of Jesus to prepare a place for his people and to intercede for them (14:2,3; Heb. 8:12);
enter the Holy place in heaven with his blood to secure eternal redemption (Heb. 9:11). The Holy Spirit could not
come until the work of Jesus was completed on earth. Jesus Christ had to die, rise again, ascend into heaven, and
be seated at the right hand of the Father. This would signify that his atoning work was not only complete, but was
completely satisfying to the demands of divine justice. Only then could the age of the Holy Spirit as the vice-regent of
Jesus Christ on earth commence. To everyone who has received this Spirit is considered born of the Spirit, and is
likened unto the wind. (John 3: 7,8).

The Role of the Holy Spirit

John 16:8 - He will reprove (“convict”) the world of sin, and righteousness, and of judgment.  Sin consists in the
refusal to accept Jesus Christ and his message. Righteousness by the Spirit indicates that Jesus Christ’s death was
not a defeat but a victory. Jesus returned to the Father who vindicated his mission and accepted what the Son had
done. This Holy Spirit’s judgment indicates that the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ constitute the basis
on which God condemned the ruler of this world’s darkness.

Now to every one who has received this Spirit, is given according to the measure of the gift of Jesus Christ. To some
he gave apostles, and some prophets, and some evangelists, and some, pastors and teachers.  For the perfecting of
the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Jesus Christ. Each of us in Jesus Christ now
has a separate function, because Jesus who came down amongst us, and has now been exalted, so that the whole
universe should be filled with his Presence. This same Jesus has given each of us a special gift, every one
according to their several abilities; which we are to use for the enrichment of the life of the Church. The aim of all
this, therefore, is nothing less than that the Church should be allowed to grow and mature through its members who
have received these gifts, until it expresses the wholesomeness of Jesus Christ in its life. (Eph.4:7-12).

Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit provides the Church with leaders: apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, and
teachers. These have for their ministry the perfecting of the saints, which is to encourage believers, strengthen
them, and equip them for the purpose of conforming them to the image of Jesus Christ.  Till we all come into the
unity of the faith, which must lead to the knowledge of the Son of God Jesus Christ, unto the perfect man, unto the
measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ Jesus: These gifts, therefore, and the exercise of them must remain
and maintained in the Church until we all can make a clean break with the past. Until we all can live Christian lives
which means changed lives, a total re-making of our whole person(s) into what God intended it to be. A life spent in
one fellowship, where lies cannot be condoned, where there is no room for harboring grudges, dishonesty, a foul
tongue, spite and ill-tempter. Until we as Christians can begin to see these offenses as against God’s Spirit which is
in us through Jesus Christ. (Eph. 4: 11,  13).

Until we as Christians can individually  and consistently from the heart of our hearts, show kindness, generosity, and
a forgiving heart - knowing that these are not more than our just debt to God, who has forgiven us, when we
accepted  the death and the resurrection of his son Jesus Christ. Until we Christians as God’s children, make Christ
our pattern, and that means showing to each other the same kind of costly love as Christ has shown to us,
irrespective of our backgrounds.

Until we Christians have made this clean break with the past, knowing that casual sex relationships, greed, envy,
hatred and filthy talk will bring God’s punishment. Until all who are members of the body of the Lord Jesus Christ
make no mistakes about that, and have learned to keep away from people who say and practice these things. Until
we all come to recognize that the diversity of gifts in the body of Jesus Christ, are given by the same Spirit. (Eph. 4:
17-32).  Again, the Believer is exhorted to Be filled with the Holy Spirit, possessing the mind and heart of the
Believer. The Holy Spirit is a person to control another. He is not a substance to fill an empty receptacle. Thus, the
Holy Spirit possesses or controls the volitional, rational, and emotional activities of the Believer who is said to be
filled with Him. (Eph. 5:18)

Prophecy or Speaking in Tongues

To prophesy, in the biblical sense - is as true in the New Testament Church, where it is called “speaking with
tongues”.  In  1 Cor. 12,  we find that Apostle Paul’s object is to put the question about “speaking in tongues” in its
proper perspective. In this passage, the apostle is admonishing those who have known religious ecstasy of pagan
(Chakra-Kundalini, etc.) before becoming Christians, to now recognize that where speaking in tongues proclaim
Jesus as Lord, it is the operation of the Holy Spirit.  Paul then went on to show that the Holy Spirit's possession that
on occasion seized the “judges” and the prophets in the early old testament times, are not the only way that the Holy
Spirit of God laid hold of a man or a woman, although it is the most convincing way for the spectator. Paul then
speaks of a few of the many gifts that are given by the same spirit - showing the many ways in which the spirit of
God is active within the Church.  Therefore, the whole body of Jesus Christ must now recognize that all the work and
worship of the Church, teaching, healing, believing, preaching, wisdom, knowledge, faith, charity, miracles, as well
as the gift of  “tongues” and prophecy,  is nothing but the Holy Spirit in action.

The man or woman of God, therefore, ought to teach these truths, that all these have their place in the Church,
which is the body of Jesus Christ, and that all are essential to each other as are the various parts of the human
body.  For it is God who has given these gifts to the church, some apostles, prophets, preachers, healers,
administrators, miracles, helpers, church governments, diversities of tongues, and interpretation  of  tongues.
Therefore, since it is obvious that none of us would hesitate to accept any gift from the Lord, we must in the same
manner, relate to the whole gift package, including the gift of speaking with other tongues as one of the essential
tools given to the Church by the Lord for the proclamation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

However, when Paul says that the Corinthians are to “covet earnestly the best gifts,” he never meant to say that
there are more important gifts than speaking in tongues, he was not suggesting that you can pick and choose, but it
is God who gives to everyone according to his or her calling in Christ Jesus. Yet even then, believers who cherish
any gifts who pray to receive them must remember that they are given according to God’s will. (1 Cor.12:  11-18).

(1 Cor. 12; 13)  In these chapters, we find that Paul was concerned about the conduct of some in the Church in
Corinth who claim to have received these gifts, who make false professions of faith in Jesus Christ, either
deliberately or unwittingly, pretenders and are sinners; Paul intended to educate them on the basic principles of
Christianity: Faith, Hope, and Love. Paul warns the Corinthian Church of his fears that the sinners and misguided
men and women among them may not repent and thus the problems may continue to persist. In that event he will
come to reprove and rebuke them. If he comes and finds things out of order, he will not spare anyone. He will do it
so that they know Jesus Christ is speaking in him. Paul emphasizes that the believer must have very good
understanding of these three things, which some in the church in Corinth seemed to lack.  Love among the brethren
as was commanded by the Lord must be taught with all seriousness, and without ceasing. (John 14:15; 15:
10,12,14,17; 1 Jn. 3:22-24). Without which the unlearned Believer could go on working and believing while in
disobedience of the Lord’s commandment, which could result in a total rejection of all the believer’s works that the
believer had purportedly rendered in the name of Jesus Christ (Matt. 7:21-28;  1 Corinthians 3: 12, 15).

In 1 Cor. 14, we find that because it was evident that there were carnality among the members: envying, strife,
divisions. Apostle Paul now exhorts Believers to follow after the commandment of the Lord, (John 15:12-13) making
certain of  our motives each time, in what ever we are trying to accomplish in the Lord. Believers’ work must be
based on these principles, especially on this “Love” which passes all understanding.

However, one might argue that since these appeared to have received the gifts of the Holy Spirit, it would seem then
that they already have the basics. But what we as Believers receive after we come to the Lord are gifts from God the
Father, for abandoning our reprobate ways and returning to Him through Jesus Christ, having accepted the
sacrificial death of Christ and his resurrection. Gifts from God the Father are never based on merits, and God does
not take them back, because they are gifts. Thus, it is only the receiver of these gifts that can reject them. However,
the Holy Spirit will continue to try to guide the Believer into all truth, but the Holy Spirit even though it was given that
it may abide with the Believer for ever, may at some point leave the Believer if the Believer no long desires Him.
(Judges 16:20, I Sam. 16:14; Eph. 4: 30).

Rejecting the Holy Spirit, How?

Understanding the things that God hates, might help explain to us how we sometimes grief the Spirit of God in us.
The way this comes about is for the believer to go against the will of the Spirit who dwells in his or her heart. Lack of
love, lying, uncleanness are some of the sins that interrupt fellowship between the believer and Christ. Sinning
incurs the loss of the Spirit’s power and fullness.  Paul also says not to quench the Holy Spirit. Neither is He to be
outraged or insulted (1 Thess. 5:19-22; Heb. 10:29; Rom. 1: 21-32)

Therefore, those who wish to walk in the Spirit must shun fornication, adultery, all uncleanness, covetousness,
filthiness, foolish talking, and jesting. Those who practice these things can expect only the wrath of God on them.
(Eph. 5:3).  The mind or “reason,” is the higher part of man in his natural state; the “inner man,”  It is capable of
knowing God, but becomes “reprobate” through sin (Rom. 7:22-25;  1:28). In order that it may be a sure guide to
truth and right, it must be renewed or “transformed” by the infusion of the Holy Spirit. For the new man, and his

Again, the believer must use discretion and common sense at all times, and make the best use of his or her time.
Avoid the false excitement of intoxication; but drink your fill of the Divine Spirit; and when you want to sing, sing
praise to God.” The believer is to inculcate conscientious sobriety of judgment and the right sublimation of those
instinctive impulses which when perverted lead to intemperance.

Light as we know it, was used by Jesus Christ to describe true believers (Matt. 5:14). Paul in his thought, specially
associated it with the idea of the Church is the bride of Jesus and Jesus is the bridegroom (Col. 1:12, 13,).  
Christians are children of light as belonging to the new order of the kingdom of God. Sin itself is darkness, but the
recognition of sin is a part of the light of the kingdom of God; and in this sense it might be said that whatever is made
manifest by the Word of God belongs to the realm of light (1 John. 1:5-7, 18-21).

Every believer
(one who keeps His commandments, John 14: 15-17) is sealed with the Holy Spirit; i.e., “marked with
a seal, the promised Holy Spirit” when born again or regenerated (Eph.5:18). But not all those who claim to believe
in Christ Jesus are spiritual Christians, some are carnal, or “mere infants in Jesus Christ”, leading a defeated life.(1
Cor. 3:1). “The mind of sinful person is death” (Rom 8:6). Thus, a permanent canal state is evidence of non-
regeneration. Christian maturity or the Spirit-filled life is the object for every believer. It can be attained by (1)
meeting the first prerequisite for being filled—confessing all known sins to the Lord, (1Jn. 1:7-9; 2 Cor. 7:1) (2) giving
oneself over to God by laying the life at the feet of Jesus (Rom. 12:1; 6:13)  (3) asking God to fill one’s heart,
believing He will fill those who confess their sins and surrender their lives to Him; (4) embracing the promise that the
Holy Spirit has filled them, and (5) going out to live as one who has been filled with the Holy Spirit. (Col. 12:20.)

We may now conclude with this, that the stature of the full-grown man or woman is measured by the standard of all
that Jesus Christ is (his fullness). It is thus suggested that “perfection” in the full sense is not anything to be attained
by an isolated individual, but the goal of the Christian society (though in another sense each Christian is to be
perfect; (Col. 1:28).

Speaking with Other Tongues, the Barrier Breaking Miracle of the Gospel.

In this section we will attempt to give answers to the following questions which are often asked:  (1) How do we know
that speaking in other tongues is a tool given for the work of the ministry, especially the mission field?  (2) How do
we know that tongues are languages and not babbling?  We know these things because from the passages of the
Bible, it is quite clear that what Jesus had said during his ministry about his Passion and Resurrection had been only
dimly understood by the apostles, and it was the instruction of the Risen Lord himself to the disciples that clarified
their minds as to the true meaning of both of Jesus’ words and the Old Testament scriptures,  and gave them a
program of action for the new Israel, as Moses had done for the Old Israel. (Acts 1: 1- 2: 13,  John 16: 30, 31; Luke
24: 44).

In the light of this the apostles became anxious to know how soon the mission of the new Israel (the Church) will be
accomplished, and they are told that it means first proclaiming the Gospel in Jerusalem, and from there to the
fathereth corners of the earth. This of course they could not do, without new power from God, and they are
instructed to await for the coming of this new power, the Holy Ghost which will make their task possible (Acts1:1-8).

The Obstacle of  Language Abolished

Acts 2: 1-13
On the day of Pentecost, the scripture describes a communal religious experience shared by the apostles such as
has been repeated in some degree at various times and among various groups within the Church since New
Testament days. In this passage, the Bible tells us that the disciples were all with one accord in one place when
suddenly there came a sound from heaven of a rushing wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.  And
there appeared unto them cloven tongues like a fire, and it sat upon each of them. This marks the end of the period
of waiting, of reflection, of doubt and despair turning to conviction and expectancy, and heralds the launching of the
mission to Jerusalem, which took the Twelve apostles and other believers who were with them out from the
seclusion of the upper room and into the conflicts and stresses of the public proclamation of the Gospel. This is the
basic fact that they went out as men transformed, with a new sense of power and began to speak with other tongues
or languages, as the Spirit gave utterance.  

(2)  From this passage, we now know that the tongues the apostles spoke under the influence of the Spirit on the
day of Pentecost were languages spoken on earth. We know this because the Bible accounts that there were Jews
who had come to Jerusalem from every nation on earth, and that “when this was noised abroad, the multitude came
together, and were confounded. They were confounded  because that every one of them heard the apostles speak
in his or her own language; “ in a way which is already familiar from our knowledge of early Old Testament
prophecy, and which has been experienced in the history of fervent evangelistic revivals in later times. These heard
intelligible speech in other languages than that of the Galileans, which aroused their curiosity. It is clear from Act 2:
13, where cynical bystanders concluded that the apostles were intoxicated, others were plainly impressed, but were
without an explanation. So it remained for Peter to give the true reason for the astonishing event.  That was the first
occurrence within the Church of the phenomenon known as
glossolalia or “speaking with tongues,” i.e., men in the
grip of the Spirit speak with other tongues, and behaving in a way which non-participants would view with mixed
feelings. However, this was a common feature of early Church life as indicated by references such as Mark 16:17;
Acts 10: 46, 47; 19: 6, and by St. Paul’s letter to the church in Corinth.     
Speaking with Other Tongues, A Tool for Evangelism.   

Now to those within the Christian community, speaking in other tongues, is a sign that the Holy Spirit had taken
possession of a believer, as was indeed the case. However uncongenial the case may be to the more conventional
branches of the Church, it is true that in many true Christian Communities, this is a genuine sign of the presence of
the Holy Spirit as the more contemplative experience of the orderly inward response of the churchman or woman to  
the word of God.  This must not be confused with Chadra-Kundalini spirits and the devils found in some apostate
and false churches today.

With other tongues, i.e., languages given to them by the Holy Spirit which they did not know themselves. Some think
the disciples spoke just one language and that the audience composed of speakers of different languages that were
given the gift of understanding the disciples’ language. It seems clear enough, however, that his disciples were given
the gift of speaking in the languages of the other people present (Acts 2:4)

The importance of Pentecost, however, is that this was the first time of such evidence of the presence of the Spirit in
the Church, the climax of the period of waiting for the promised power.  It is something that can only be described in
terms of wind and fire, symbols of God’s power and judgment. It is also the first token of the barrier-breaking miracle
of the gospel, which here symbolically abolishes the obstacle of language, the equally symbolic punishment for
human pride, which since the days of the Tower of Babel had kept men apart. Pentecost turns the Tower of Babel
upside down.

We are grateful to Him who is faithful in providing the church such a wonderful tool “the gift of tongues,” which
should enable us take the gospel to the innermost part of the world, without the obstacle of language. But as in the
same manner in which the children of Israel rejected the Kingship of God over them, so have many conventional
churches rejected the gift of speaking in other tongues, describing it as babbling. These having rejected the gift of
tongues, and have devised other methods for overcoming the obstacle of language, a job the Lord has already
assigned to the Holy Spirit, in the interest of His church for taking the Gospel into all nations  (1 Sam. 8: 6, 7).

Now we see how the new language of God’s love in Jesus Christ which lay deeper than mere words, and which by
the time Acts came to be written had won men’s hearts and minds in all parts of the civilized world, was born in the
power of Pentecost.
The Comforter the Spirit of Truth
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